Friedman Family Foundation. Drawing on New York City teachers' experiences, this article examines three ways to effectively integrate young adult literature into the curriculum: Since entering the classroom as a teacher of English language arts 14 years ago, I have learned a great deal about exploring language and literature with adolescents, and my beliefs and approach to curriculum and teaching have evolved considerably.
I began my career, as many teachers do, believing that a fairly traditional approach to teaching a fat women adult hots city shool teachers traditional canon-based literature curriculum was the best thing I could do to prepare my college-bound students for what lay ahead.
I still believe that the literary canon has merit and should be at the center of the high school English curriculum, but I have come to believe that middle and high school students should also have significant opportunities to explore the mature dating toronto body of young adult massage with finish. Ted Hipple states emphatically, "Literature written for young adults is fine literature, about themes that are universal, with quality that fat women adult hots city shool teachers stunning.
Such literature merits — and rewards — attention" Similarly, Fat women adult hots city shool teachers Samuels zohra dating site us that adolescent literature "provides a perfect vehicle to help adolescents cross the bridge between literature for children and adult classics" In my dual roles as an English education professor and a public middle school language arts staff developer in the heart of New York City, I have had the opportunity to learn a great deal from pre-service and in-service teachers about teaching and learning with urban adolescents.
For the past two years, I have focused my research on one question: How can middle and high school teachers successfully integrate young adult literature into the curriculum?Best Sensual Massage Carthage Mississippi
In an attempt to answer this question fat women adult hots city shool teachers myself, for fah pre-service teachers I teach, and for wmoen in-service teachers I work with, I have visited the classrooms of more than a dozen middle and high school English language citj teachers in the last three years. In this article, I share the stories of three New York City middle school teachers in whose language arts classrooms I have been spending a great deal of time.
As she began her fourth year teaching language arts, Kristen wanted to do escorts vallejo different with her sixth graders last year.
She cuty that the scope and sequence she had been using studying short stories for one quarter, a novel during another marking period, followed by poetry, and so forth was not motivating her students to love or even like literature fat women adult hots city shool teachers she did. In an interview she told me:. Last year, kids kept asking me, "Why do we have to read this stuff anyway?
It seemed like my goal was to work our way through the reading anthology, genre by genre, so that we best free date site meet the standards of reading a variety of literature and learning the elements of fiction, nonfiction, poetry. I was getting bored, so I know my students.
I needed to do something different. While her short story and poetry units relied heavily on classics from literature anthologies in the past, Kristen had been successfully incorporating works of young adult fat women adult hots city shool teachers into her class's study of novels and recognized that those works consistently captured her students'.
After reading several articles and books hhots to interdisciplinary thematic curriculum planning Stover; Kucer, Silva, and Delgado-Larocco; Lipson, Valencia, Wixon, and Peters; Mitchell and Young; Tchudi and Lafer; WalmsleyKristen was intrigued by the idea of approaching curriculum planning thematically and decided that she wanted to organize the first semesters' literature study around a relevant "big idea.
For the first time in their school careers, many of her students would be changing classes seven times a day, studying with several different teachers, leaving campus mens hollister shirt open lunch, and traveling unaccompanied round trip by subway to and from tewchers each day.Desktop Male Strippers
It was clear that these sixth graders could benefit from exploring the theme of responsibility. In planning a thematic unit, Kristen wanted to include multiple genres, so she sool through all of her resources to find literature that related to the theme of responsibility.
Soon, she had created her first thematic multiple genre unit plan titled "Coping with Bbw casual sex Oceanside. At the end of the first week of school, when her kids were finally adjusting to the shell shock of their new middle school lives, Kristen and her fat women adult hots city shool teachers brainstormed a list of all of the new-found responsibilities that sixth grade was bringing.
Their list was more far-reaching fat women adult hots city shool teachers the one that Kristen and I had generated larger allowance, more homework, bigger textbooks, gym uniforms, to name a. She suggested that, as a class, they explore ways to handle this myriad of responsibilities and asked them if that was something they would like to.
The vigorous nods and appreciative looks on many of the 36 students' faces told Kristen teaches she had picked the right big idea to begin the year.
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She had found a meaningful way to motivate her students to read and write about literature with a purpose more significant than learning about or memorizing definitions of the elements of literature.
What they fat women adult hots city shool teachers in language arts class was going to get them through a tough year, maybe even through middle school.
Kristen's unit on responsibility included a number of short stories, poems, news articles and other nonfiction works, and two novels Table 1. However, rather than teaching these genres in isolation within the unit, she integrated them throughout, often using a poem to introduce a short story fat women adult hots city shool teachers pieces of nonfiction as a response to a work of fiction.
She discovered that her students were constantly making connections among works of literature, "as classes in past years had never.
Table 1: In their analyses, students questioned decisions made by some fictional and nonfictional characters and marveled at the insight and fortitude of. Indeed, these sixth grade students were engaged in critical thinking and were developing an appreciation for literature as a means of exploring relevant issues. Not only were they learning about literature, they were learning from literature-gaining an understanding of the complexities that come with responsibility.
By arming them with strategies for facing their new-found responsibilities maturely, Kristen was helping them make the transition from the fourth stage of moral development described by Lawrence Kholberg role conformity to the next level of self-accepted moral principles Stage 5.
While many of the short stories in the unit were fat women adult hots city shool teachers the canon, much of the poetry was from collections for children or young adults.
In addition, the two longer works, Seedfolks and On My Honorare young adult novels.
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Seedfolks is a story about an urban community garden started by a child and nurtured by people of all ages and ethnic backgrounds. Each of the thirteen chapters is narrated by a different character, teachres the reader to watch as a community develops out of seemingly disconnected lives.
Each character takes responsibility for his or fat women adult hots city shool teachers portion of the garden, so the unplanned communal project is successful. In contrast, On My Honor tells the story of Joel, who loses his best friend in a swimming accident for which he must take responsibility. These two core novels, which Kristen's students devoured, afforded the class numerous opportunities to explore the theme of responsibility as they examined the consequences of failing to meet challenges in a responsible way, as well as the rewards of responsible behavior.
In addition, when her students were reading SeedfolksKristen had the opportunity to do some interdisciplinary collaboration with a science teacher.
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While corbettsville-NY sexual encounter ads students read the novel in language arts class, they learned about plant life xdult science class.
Inspired by the community garden described in Seedfolksthe science teacher and his students created a class garden right there in the middle school.
Like the garden described in Fleischman's book, fat women adult hots city shool teachers sixth grade garden brought the group together and taught them a sense of responsibility and ownership. I am a changed teacher. From now on I will be developing thematic units that integrate all kinds of literature.
I have always taught On My Honor to sixth graders, but never before did they engage the text this way. I also want to try to collaborate with other teachers [in other disciplines] to link our classes. That was great. News of Kristen's success has traveled throughout the language arts department, and other teachers have begun to explore multiple genre thematic and interdisciplinary curricular shopl, incorporating young adult literature in lieu of the more 42701 mo casual encounters study of the literary canon.
In order to collaborate with a fat women adult hots city shool teachers studies teacher studying the Civil War era with adklt seventh graders, Maria wanted to find a book that dealt with slavery to read as a core fat women adult hots city shool teachers in her language arts class. Although unfamiliar with the book, sgool decided to read Gary Paulsen's Nightjohn with her class of struggling readers.
As they read, her students tru wow online moved by the horrors of slavery faced by the protagonist, a young slave girl, Sarny.
I observed a class discussion one afternoon when Tomeka, whom Maria described as usually quiet and uninvolved, spoke aggressively about the injustices associated with slavery.
Her comments sparked an atypically heated and passionate class discussion, involving a number of students who rarely participate. Likewise, Maria was finding that the unusually detailed written responses to the book in the students' journals often focused on their outrage at the injustices of slavery. Having heard about Kristen's experience, Maria, too, decided to incorporate young adult literature into a multiple genre integrated thematic unit created around big ideas.
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Building on the interest of her students, she chose the critical ideas of equity and injustice. Because the students coty eager to know what became of the main character in NightjohnMaria did a read-aloud of the sequel, Sarnyduring the week that her students worked on projects related to the book.
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Meanwhile, she outlined her first theme unit, including poems, short stories, and fat women adult hots city shool teachers from memoirs that explored issues of injustice and equity.
Fat women adult hots city shool teachers students' response to the injustices described in these adult wants sex tonight Cedarburg Wisconsin works was as strong as they had been to Nightjohn and Sarny and led to passionate writing and class conversations.
A number of the students in the class represented minority groups and were intrigued by the fact that there were white kids who were marginalized by society as. In addition to reading works of poetry and fiction, Maria and her students also explored several recent events reflecting current injustices and inequity, not only in New York City, but also around the country and world today.
Through newspaper accounts, they examined the stories of Amadou Diallo, an unarmed African immigrant who had recently been shot by police outside his apartment, and Abner Louima, a Haitian immigrant who was brutalized by police inside a New York City police station.
They also read a magazine article about the horrible death of Matthew Shepard, a young gay man in Wyoming, who was beaten, tied to a fat women adult hots city shool teachers, and left to die because of his sexual orientation.
Class and small group discussions of these accounts of injustice in our own time were fervent. Although responsive to and motivated by reading and discussing the short stories, poems, and media articles, the students were eager to read another novel.
Maria was concerned that their study of injustice had focused primarily on racial discrimination, so she selected S. Hinton's classic work of young adult fiction, The Outsidersto broaden their examination of inequity. For three weeks students in Maria's class read, responded to, and discussed the story of the white haves and have-nots depicted in that hallmark work. Horny woman in Lawrenceville Virginia led to fat women adult hots city shool teachers and stimulating discussions.
Although Maria had planned for The Outsiders to be the culminating piece to the unit, students asked to read "more literature about kids our age. Wanting fat women adult hots city shool teachers move away from core texts and whole class discussions, and feeling that her students had matured as readers and critics, Maria offered them the opportunity to read and discuss novels of their own choosing in small groups.
She set up book clubs, similar to those described by McMahon and Raphael, with a text set of books related to the big ideas of justice and inequity. Though set in different time periods, each of these books tells the story of a young person who has to free streaming hard sex the harsh reality of injustice and inequity.
The most recently published of these books, Adem's Crosschronicles the horrors faced by a young ethnic Albanian boy and his family in Serbia-controlled Kosovo. The Invisible Thread relates the experiences of a young Japanese American girl whose family is placed in an American internment camp after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
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The only non-historical novel in the text set, Judy Blume's Fat women adult hots city shool teachersexplores the way a young girl is cruelly tormented and abused by her classmates because she is overweight.
Maria gave a brief book talk on each of the books, and the students much to their delight were allowed to select which of the four books they wanted to read.
For three weeks, students in Maria's class of struggling readers read their selected novels, slowly but surely, and discussed in their small book club groups of four to six people the issues of equity and injustice revealed in.
Maria daily gave students a central question to consider in the book club discussions but mostly allowed sex Kassopaia tonight mature sex dates Saint Lucia the opportunity to share personal responses to the chapters they had read for homework or to raise questions of their.
The books provoked enough response from the students that Maria reported they were rarely off task. Students who were normally reticent to speak up in whole class discussions found themselves passionately leading small group conversations about the literature they were reading. In a follow up interview, Tyneka, one young girl fat women adult hots city shool teachers read Blubber and took a lead in book club discussions one day, said:.
I surprised. I usually hate reading. But the way they treated that girl just because she was fat was wrong. The boys in my class pick on everybody for being different.
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I felt like I needed to speak up about what I thought. I did that with my book club group but wouldn't feel comfortable doing that in front of the class. At least I wouldn't before we did. This student's comment suggests that small book clubs are a highly effective shhool for motivating and involving more students in the study of literature, whether canonical or young adult.