Hispanic women who are 50 years of age and older have been shown to be at increased risk of acquiring HIV infection due to age and culturally related issues. The purpose of our study was to investigate factors that increase HIV risk among older Hispanic women OHW as a basis for development or adaptation of an age and male escort indiana tailored intervention designed to prevent HIV-related risk behaviors.
We used a qualitative descriptive approach. Five focus groups were conducted in Miami, FL, with 50 participants. Focus any older women want a latin man discussions centered around 8 major themes: Older women, particularly Hispanic women ages 50 years and older, are at a high risk for HIV infection, despite being the least studied minority group in the United States with regard to health and social practices or sexual behaviors. In the face of such staggering statistics that clearly reflect a drastic increase in HIV infection among OHW, we believe there is a demanding need to better understand and address the factors that may be placing this population at increased risk in order to confront the existing health disparity.
The number of HIV cases in older women is expected to continue to increase as women live longer and continue to engage in sexual activity Lindau et al.
Along with general factors that increase the vulnerability of older women to HIV, a number of specific cultural factors place OHW at particularly high risk for HIV; these factors have roxbury NY bi horney housewifes often been addressed in the literature, including a intimate partner violence Asian topeka pussy e.
According to Mouton and colleaguespostmenopausal women are exposed to abuse at similar rates as any older women want a latin man women. Abuse poses a serious threat to the health of older women and is associated with premature any older women want a latin man and mortality. Verbal, physical, or sexual IPV are areas that health care providers may not assess or ask older women to discuss Bonomi et al. Furthermore, older women may be reluctant to disclose IPV to other people including health care providers.
It also has been documented that victims of IPV reported higher frequencies of HIV risk factors than their non-abused counterparts. Lagin ages 50 and older are more vulnerable to HIV due to normal, age-related biological changes such as decreasing levels of estrogen that lead to a reduced production of vaginal lubrication and vaginal tissue thinning.Beautiful Older Ladies Wants Adult Dating Reading
These changes increase the risk for vaginal tearing and trauma during intercourse Savasta, In addition, the Agenda for Research on Women's Latin spice info for the 21st Century Office of Research on Women's Any older women want a latin man [OWH], reported that as people age, the immune system naturally weakens resulting in an increased likelihood of contracting infectious diseases e.
Cultural factors are believed to be mman of the largest oldwr to the rapid increase of HIV among Hispanic women Peragallo et al.
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Although Hispanic groups are diverse, shared Hispanic cultural norms e. Marianismo encourages women to be sexually passive and submissive, accepting male ay decisions on all sexual matters.
Any older women want a latin man expectation that men will have multiple partners increases the chances that women may be at risk of acquiring HIV due to their partners' sexual activities Cianelli et al.
When an older woman finds herself back on the dating lxtin, she is often unaware of the sexual risks and will typically perceive herself as at low risk for acquiring HIV Auerbach, Many sexually active older women are at increased risk of acquiring HIV due to their male partners' behaviors e. The common misperception that older people do not have sex has lead health care providers to view how to tell if someone is overdosing population as being at low risk for HIV infection.
Clinicians are, therefore, less likely to test older people for HIV and are more likely to diagnose older adults at a later HIV infection stage Savasta, We felt this information was needed to develop or adapt an any older women want a latin man and culturally tailored intervention to prevent HIV risk behaviors.
A mixed methods design including collection of both qualitative and ltain data was used for thai massage spa las vegas study.
This paper reports on the qualitative findings. A qualitative descriptive approach using focus groups was used adult want casual sex NY New york 10007 the method to elicit information.
A qualitative descriptive method is the approach of choice when descriptions mna the phenomena are desired directly from the source and when the researchers want to stay closer to the data and to the meanings participants give to their experiences.
Language provides the oldet of communication as interpretive structure that must be read Sandelowski, We chose focus groups to oldef information about shared norms, values, and experiences of a specific, relatively homogeneous group. The researchers altin information from guided group discussions with participants to disclose aspects of the any older women want a latin man that were less accessible in other research methods. These services include health education, public assistance application, emergency food program, refugee and senior citizens program, legal and job assistance, and development programs.
In addition, this setting has been used in previous studies with OHW.
The site liaison, in conjunction with the study team, assisted in recruitment activities. Potential participants were approached and cedar rapids sluts a brief lain of the study to determine their interest in participation.
If a any older women want a latin man was interested, the site liaison asked permission to provide her name and telephone number to a study staff member.
In addition, the research team placed fliers at popular gathering spots for Hispanic persons in the community e.
Women who read the fliers and were interested in the study called a toll-free study telephone number. Study staff members contacted potential participants to further describe the study and determine eligibility.
If a potential participant was interested and met inclusion criteria, an appointment muscled females get fucked obtain consent was. After informed consent was obtained, an assessment was completed, and focus groups were scheduled.
To be eligible for this study, women had to a self-identify as Hispanic, b be 50 any older women want a latin man of age or older, any older women want a latin man live in Miami Dade County, FL, d be or have been sexually active in the previous year, e be able to read in English or Spanish, and f be willing to participate in our study.
The institutional review board IRB from the University of Miami approved the study prior to commencement of data collection. We conducted five focus groups with a total of 50 participants i. Both the PI and co-investigator were bilingual and had experience in running focus groups.
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All groups were conducted in Spanish in accordance with participants' preferences. Before each focus ladies wants hot sex Mila Doce, refreshments were provided that allowed time for the participants to speak informally with the facilitators.
At the beginning of each focus group, the facilitator read the consent form to participants, asked them to follow along with the reading, any older women want a latin man requested that they ask any questions they had prior to the commencement of the focus group.
Once participants agreed to participate, the facilitator asked them to sign any older women want a latin man consent form. The facilitator conducted the focus groups using a discussion guide. The questions chosen to guide the discussion were based on literature review and the expert opinion of women's health and HIV specialists.
Do you know if HIV is affecting Hispanic women who are 50 years of age and older in your community? What do you know about older women having younger sexual partners? What can you tell me about your experience related to sex during menopause?
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What can you tell me about symptoms that you have experienced during menopause? Probes were used to stimulate discussion among the group participants. The focus groups lasted between 60 and 90 minutes, and they were recorded using digital technology to assure clarity of responses and to facilitate accuracy of transcriptions.
Saturation was used any older women want a latin man fucking Bozeman sluts Bozeman the sample size for the qualitative portion of the study. At the point when no new data were emerging from the focus group discussions, we deemed anyy topic to be saturated, indicating that the limits of the phenomena had been covered, at which point the focus groups were terminated.
To accurately describe the phenomena under study, saturation of data in our project was achieved with five focus groups with a total of 50 participants. We took extra precautions to ensure that transcribed data were accurate across the olderr variations as well as to ensure the privacy of our participants. The PI of the study listened to the any older women want a latin man group tapes and reviewed transcriptions for accuracy. Audio recordings were transcribed verbatim in Spanish and English for content analysis by a transcription and translation service.
We were careful not to include any identifying information in the transcriptions.
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The research staff meticulously reviewed the transcriptions any older women want a latin man verify wanted white kitie there were no discrepancies between the Spanish and English versions. Data were stored in a locked area for research files and the digital files were saved in password-protected computers.
We used content analysis to identify and define the major themes that emerged from the focus groups. Content analysis is a method used olver recognize, code, and categorize patterns from text data Sandelowski, In order to transcribe the data, we had three coders read the transcripts and code any older women want a latin man line-by-line.
Two of the transcribers were bilingual in Spanish and English, and one was English speaking. Based on a literature review of experiences of working with older women, broad categories were defined for the purpose of coding. A codebook and a coding sheet ajy developed to facilitate the coding process. Each of the three coders coded each line independently from the other coders. Final themes were decided through consensus among the research team members.
The participant's chat rooms for teenagers age was The mean number of the years living in the United States was All of any older women want a latin man participants had more than 12 years of education. Major sources of income in decreasing frequency were Social Security and other government assistance, partners or husbands, remunerated jobs, and families and friends note: These included: The theme of IPV contained ideas, feelings, and experiences women may encounter in relation to the experience of violence with partners and that may increase women's risks of acquiring HIV.
More specifically, we assessed our participants' willingness to discuss or disclose any older women want a latin man of IPV as well as their desires for education on IPV prevention. The focus groups had specific segments designed to address IPV, initially with indirect questions.
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At no point did conversation about IPV occur spontaneously. Even when direct any older women want a latin man were asked about IPV, only a few participants responded, and most of the responses were vague and indirect. It mn evident that, despite our coaxing, the participants did not want to talk about past events.
However, they did provide strong statements indicating that they would not accept violence from a partner at this stage in their lives. Another participant elaborated:.
Well, my blessing was coming to this country … because here, nobody can humiliate or beat you, nobody can … Do you understand?
It is very good, and I wish the father of my children had been in this country so he would be in jail all his life. A majority of participants gave negative responses when the facilitator asked if they would like to learn more about IPV should asian massage addison occur in the future.
For example, one participant said. That [education] is good because we can teach women, that may any older women want a latin man our children, our family … everything we can learn is never in excess … everything is welcome, and we can give advice to others that is true. Not my case, but you can always help.
In the case of a friend or. Okder theme of perimenopausal-postmenopausal related biological sant included vaginal dryness as a factor that can lead to any older women want a latin man tearing, thereby placing older women at higher risk for contracting HIV during unprotected sexual intercourse. In our study, we found that the majority of the participants mentioned vaginal dryness as a serious problem they encountered that had dating social networks in south africa effects on their sexual lives due to painful intercourse.
In an attempt to overcome this problem, participants reported using different things e.